Poverty is a vicious cycle that exists in India. And is set at an alarming rate spreading across the country in rural and urban areas. Every country has its own definition for poverty, in India the planning commission has laid down the definition as the minimum consumption of 2400 calories per day in the rural areas and 2100 calories in the urban areas. Individuals that are not able to meet this minimum intake is said to be people living under poverty line in India.
There are many causes for poverty in India. It stems from excessive population, low investments, minimum literary rate, inequalities in religion and defects in public distribution system.
Also as Indian villages are heavily dependant on agriculture which has meager returns, poverty is wide-spread in the remote villages, leading to problems. These distressed villagers migrate to the cities in hope for a better life. Resulting in large shanties and slum areas leading to urban poverty in India.
There is a plausible solution to every problem. And poverty can be eradicated. The government has been passing reforms since the constitution had been formed, but success results are hazy. Some of the programmes that have been implemented are integrated rural development programme; minimum needs programme, food for work programme and small farmer’s development programme among others.
Besides this a few more poverty in India solutions include in bringing about literacy. Exaggerated population hazards have to be explained and condoned among the public. Job sector has to expand itself and the inflation rate has to come down. Interest on fixed deposits have to increase so the common man can benefit from his meager savings.
This is not an impossible task as China the world’s most populous country is bringing population under control and in turn benefiting its own public. As this is a democratic country, forcing rules is not a possible and have to be advocated though schools, colleges, public stations etc.